HTML 4.01 question and answer for oDesk and Elance

This tutorial will cover the HTML 4.01 test for oDesk and Elance. Let’s see

Question:1
What is the character entity representation of the ‘less than’ sign (its entity name is ‘<’) ?
a.     60;#
b.     <
c.     &60#;
d.     #60&;

Question:2
You want to create a link for your website allowing users to email the webmaster. How will you implement this if the
webmaster’s email is “webmaster@xcompany.com”?
a.      <a href=”mailto:webmaster@xcompany.com”>webmaster</a>
b.     <a href=”webmaster@xcompany.com”>webmaster</a>
c.     <a http=”mail:webmaster@xcompany.com”>webmaster</a>
d.     <mail http=”send:webmaster@xcompany.com”>webmaster</mail>
e.     <a href=”mailto://webmaster@xcompany.com”>webmaster</a>

Question:3
You have to add a list of products in a drop-down list. What will you use to group the identical products under a category name?
a.     Optgroup
b.     option
c.     menu
d.     var

Question:4
How will you specify a comment in an XHTML document?
a.     <!!– Here is a comment… –!>
b.     <– Here is a comment.. –>
c.     <!– Here is a comment.. –>
d.     <! Here is a comment… –!>

Question:5
Which of the following is true for the “<param>” tag?
a.     It doesn’t need a closing tag 
b.     The language attribute cannot be specified with it
c.     The name and type attributes are optional
d.     The class, id and title can be specified for it

Question:6
How will you specify the language attribute in XHTML?
a.     <div lang=”en” xml:lang=”en”>Listing A</div>
b.     <div language=”en”>Listing A</div>
c.     <div language=”en” xhtml:lang=”en”>Listing A</div>
d.     <div xml:language=”en”>Listing A</div>

Question:7
Which of the following is incorrect with regard to the <select> tag?
a.     The “name” should be specified
b.     The “disabled” attribute disables the drop-down list
c.     The “multiple” attribute allows the user to choose multiple options
d.     The text specified in the “value” is displayed in the drop-down list
e.     None of the above

Question:8
Which of the following lines will be allowed by an XHTML parser?
a.     <p>This is the starting of a new paragraph
b.     <P>This is the starting of a new paragraph<P>
c.     Here is a break statement <br></br>
d.     New Horizontal line <hr />

Question:9
You are developing a website. In one of the subscription forms, you need to get the subscription start date from the user.
The HTML code is as follows:
Day <input type=”text” size=”3? />
Month <input type=”text” size=”10? />
Year <input type=”text” size=”4? />
Which of the following will you use if you want to put these 3 text fields together in a box?
a.     <legend>
b.     <box>
c.     <fieldset>
d.     <area>

Question:10
Which of the following is incorrect about the relation between HTML and XHTML?
a.     XHTML is a stricter and cleaner version of HTML *
b.     XHTML is almost identical to HTML 4.01
c.     XHTML and HTML both are used to generate dynamic content 
d.     XHTML brings together the elements of HTML and the syntax of XML

Question:11
Which of the following is correct for an image?
a.     An image must be resized in an editor to fit in the specified space on a webpage
b.     If you have a big image but specify smaller height and width attributes in the <img> tag, only the top left portion of the image will be displayed in the browser
c.     Both a and b are correct
d.     The height and width attributes allow resizing the image on the webpage 

Question:12
A <doctype> defines the document type of any XHTML document. It can be of three types:
a.     Strict, Transitional, and Frameset
b.     Strict, Transitional and Loose
c.     Fixed, Intermediate and Loose
d.     Fixed, Intermediate, Frameset

Question:13
Which of the following statements is correct with regard to DTDs?
a.     A strict DTD allows the user to use cascading style sheets
b.     A transitional DTD displays content in those browsers which don’t support CSS
c.     A frameset DTD is used to partition the browser window
d.     All of the above

Question:14
Which of these tags will create a single space character?
a.     <td>
b.     <th>
c.     &nbsp; 
d.     <b>

Question:15
Which of the following  statements is correct for the <blockquote> tag?
a.     The text under blockquote must be enclosed in a block level element in a strict DTD document
b.     The attribute  named “cite” must be specified
c.     Closing the tag is optional
d.     It doesn’t place an empty line after the text

Question:16
A developer wrote this image tag:
<img src =”states.gif” width =”330? height =”406? alt=”States” usemap =”#statemap” />
What code should follow this?
a.     <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”>

<area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126? href=”state1.htm” alt=”State1? />

 </map>
b.     <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”></map>

<area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126? href=”state1.htm” alt=”State1? />
c.     <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”>

<imgarea shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126? href=”state1.htm” alt=”State1? /></map>
d.     <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”></map>

<imgarea shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126? href=”state1.htm” alt=”State1? />

Question:17
Which attributes of the <table> tag is deprecated in HTML 4.01 and not supported in strict DTD XHTML?
a.     Align 
b.     bgcolor
c.     cellspacing

Question:18
Which of the following represents the basic tag structure of an XHTML document?
a.     <html><head><body></body></html>
b.     <html><body></body></html>
c.     <html><head></head><body></body></html>
d.     <html><head></head></html>

Question:19
Please choose the most appropriate option.

One of the differences between XHTML and HTML 4.01 is that the “name” attribute has been replaced by the “id” attribute

in:
a.     img and applet tags
b.     img and map tags
c.     map and frame tags 
d.     img, map, frame and applet tags
e.     frame, applet, style and map tags

Question:20
You have defined the following image in an XHTML document:

<img src=”/image/logo.gif” id=”img1? />
a.     The code will only work properly in a browser that supports XHTML
b.     The code will work properly in a browser that supports both HTML 4.x and XHTML
c.     The code will only work properly in a browser that supports HTML 4.x
d.     The code is incorrect, it will not work in any browser

Question no. 21
The tag which is used to show monospaced text is:
a. <td>
b. <th>
c. <tt> 
d. <b>

Question no. 22
What would you infer from the following code in an HTML 4.01 Web site? <body topmargin=2 leftmargin=2>
a. The top margin and left margin of the webpage is 2 pixels.
b. The bottom margin and right margin of the web page is 2 pixels.
c. Both of the above.
d. None of the above. The topmargin and leftmargin attributes are not valid HTML 4.01 body attributes.

Question no. 23
You want to display a table listing out customer names and their contact information. The heading of the table is shown in the figure. What is the code for creating the first line of the table heading?
a. <tr>
<th>Customer Name</th>
<th colspan=3>Contact</th>
</tr>
b. <tr>
<th>Customer Name</th>
<th cellpadding=3>Contact</th>
</tr>
c. <tr>
<th>Customer Name</th>
<th rowspan=3>Contact</th>
</tr>
d. <tr>
<th>Customer Name</th>
<th cellspacing=3>Contact</th>
</tr>
<tr> <th>Customer Name</th> <th cellpadding=3>Contact</th> </tr>

Question no. 24
A developer wrote this image tag:
<img src =”states.gif” width =”330″ height =”406″ alt=”States”
usemap =”#statemap” />
What code should follow this?
a. <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”>
<area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126″ href=”state1.htm”
alt=”State1″ />
</map> 
b. <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”> </map>
<area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126″ href=”state1.htm”
alt=”State1″ />
c. <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”>
<img area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126″ href=”state1.htm”
alt=”State1″ /> </map>
d. <map id =”statemap” name=”statemap”>
<img area shape =”rect” coords =”0,0,82,126″ href=”state1.htm”
alt=”State1″ /> </map>

Question no: 25
A few lines in an HTML paragraph are to be formatted differently from the rest of the lines. Which tag will assist in this?
a. div
b. p
c. span 
d. format

Question no. 26
Which of the following attributes comes in handy when borders have to be put between groups of columns instead of every column?
a. col
b. colgroup 
c. rowspan
d. row

Question no. 27
Which of the following set of coordinate values refers to an image defined by the area tag with the value of poly for its shape attribute?
a.coords=”150,217,190,257,150,297,110,257″
b.coords=”150,190,150,110″
c.coords=”150,217,190,257,150″
d. coords=”150,110,190,220,150,150,120″

Question no. 28
For the following items of a <select> list:
<option value=”89″>Item 1</option>
<option value=”90″>Item 2</option>
Which of the following values would be passed on by clicking the submit button on selecting Item 2 from the list?
a. 89
b. 90
c. Item 1
d. Item 2

Question no. 29
The tag that is used to pass the parameters to an applet is:
a. appletpar
b. applet
c. param  
d. val

Question no. 30
Which of the following values for the scrolling attribute for the frame tag is not valid?
a.yes
b.default
c.auto
d. no

Question no. 31
Is the following code valid in HTML 4.01 Strict?
<ul><li><ol><li>A</li><li>B</li><ul><li>Item1</li><li>Item 2</li></ul><li>C</li></ol></li></ul>
a. Perfectly valid. 
b. Invalid because you should not have three levels of nesting in the lists.
c. Invalid because you should not have an unordered list within an ordered list.
d. Invalid because a <ul> tag should not conflict with an <ol> tag at the same list level.

Question no. 32
The following link is placed on an HTML webpage.
<a href=”http://msdn.com/” target=”_blank”> MSDN </a>
What do you infer from it?
a. It will open the site msdn.com in the same window.
b. It will open the site msdn.com in a new window. 
c. It will open the site msdn.com in a frame below.
d. It will not be clickable as it is not formed correctly.

Question no. 33
Which of the following attributes is/are related to the <img> tag?
a. height
b. alt
c. src
d. All of the above

Question no. 34
You are creating several web pages for a website that contain several rather large data tables, many of which are somewhat similar in the number of columns, rows, and in other common table formatting. In addition, CSS will be employed for formatting the tables. Which one of the following types of CSS has the highest priority over the others and typically requires the greatest total amount of code space for the entire website for formatting the various <td> table cells?
a.External style sheet
b.Inline style 
c.Internal style sheet
d. Browser default

Question no. 35
A piece of text contains many blank spaces within it. Which of the following tags would be suitable to display the text as it was originally formatted?
a.td
b.p
c.ls
d. pre 

Question no. 36
Which of the following is/are not true for a paragraph tag in HTML 4.01?
a. The text must be enclosed in <p> and </p> tags.
b. It creates an empty line above its starting line.
c. It cannot be used within a <td> tag.
d. It creates an empty line after its ending line.

Question no. 37
Which of the following statements is correct for the tag?
a. The text under block quote must be enclosed in a block level element in a strict DTD document.
b. The attribute named cite must be specified.
c. Closing the tag is optional.
d. It places an empty line after the text.

Question no. 38
What do you infer from the following code? <a href = “http://www.expertrating.com”> Expert Rating
a.This href is using absolute path for linking. 
b. This href is an example of relative path linking.

Question no. 39
Which of the following values is/are valid for the align attribute of a tag?
a.left 
b.right  
c.center
d. offset

Question no. 40
Which of the following is/are a valid value for the type attribute of the input tag?
a. text
b. icon
c. reset 
d. password

Question:41

What do you understand by cellspacing?

a.     It makes the cell span more than one column
b.     It specifies the space between the cell wall and the contents of the cell
c.     It specifies the space between two cells
d.     It makes the cell span more than one row

Question:42
Which of the following statements is true about the table header, body and footer tags?
a.     The table header, body and footer tags are <tablehead>, <tablebody> and <tablefoot> respectively
b.     The table header, body and footer tags are <tabhead>, <tabbody> and <tabfoot> respectively
c.     It is recommended to first specify the table header followed by the footer and then the body tag 
d.     None of the above

Question:43
Which attribute specifies the submit URL in a form?
a.     method
b.     Action
c.     name
d.     id

Question:44
Which of the following is not correct for a <meta> tag?
a.     It is more useful if it is placed in a head element
b.     It can be used to specify the keywords for the search engines
c.     It can be used to redirect users to other URLs
d.     It is mandatory to specify the name or scheme attributes

Question:45
What do you understand by the following line of code?

<html xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names”>
a.     xmlns specifies the URL to qualify the names used in the XHTML document
b.     xmlns means html-xml number sequence
c.     Elimination of xmlns tag will result in the document not being validated by a w3.org validator
d.     The page will not be displayed properly if the URL is changed to “http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml”

Question:46
The following registration form was coded by a programmer in XHTML:
1. <!– Start of the Form Fields –>
2. Name:
3. <input type=”text” name=”name” maxlength=”50? />
4. Registration Date:
5. <input readonly type=”text” value=”javascript:getDate();” />
6. Account Type:
7. <select name=”Account”>
8. <option “selected” value=”Primary”>Primary</option>
9. <option value=”Secondary”>Secondary</option>
10. </select>

Which of the following options is true with regard to this XHTML document?
a.     The syntax of the input tag at line 3 is incorrect
b.     The readonly attribute in line 5 is not correctly coded
c.     The syntax of the select tag is not correct
d.     Maxlength cannot be specified with text boxes

Question:47
Take a look at the following code:
<html>
<head>
<title>HTML AND XHML</title>
<body>
<h1>Defining HTML
</body>
What will happen when you run this code in the browser?
a.     With a .html extension, the page will be displayed with errors
b.     With a .html extension, the page will not be displayed at all
c.     With a .xhtml extension, the page will be displayed with errors
d.     With a .xhtml extension, the page will not be displayed at all

Question:48
On one of your web pages named “Listing.xhtml” you specified a target like this:
<a name=”target4?>Old Listing</a>
How will you make a link to the above target?
a.     <a url=”#target4?>Check Old Listing as well</a>
b.     <a href=”#target4?>Check Old Listing as well</a>
c.     <link url=”target4?>Check Old Listing as well</link>
d.     <a href=”Listing.target4?>Check Old Listing as well</a>

Question:49
You placed four radio buttons on a web form. You want the users to specify whether they are male or female and whether
they are married or single. The code is as follows:
Male: <input type=”radio” checked=”checked” name=”chk” value=”male” />
Female: <input type=”radio” name=”chk” value=”female” />
Married: <input type=”radio” checked=”checked” name=”chk” value=”married” />
Single: <input type=”radio” name=”chk” value=”single” />
What is wrong with the above code?
a.     It will allow the user to choose only the male and the married options
b.     It will allow the user to choose only the female and single options  
c.     It will allow the user to choose only one option out of the four
d.     It will allow the user to choose all the four options at the same time

Question:50
You specified a base tag and anchors as follows:
1. <base target=”_blank”></base>
2. <a href=”http://www.yahoo.com”>Yahoo</a>
3. <a href=”http://www.google.com” target=”_top”>Google</a>

 

Which of the following is true for the above code?
a.     Only the Yahoo link will open in a new window
b.     Only the Google link will open in a new window
c.     Both links will open in a new window
d.     Both links will open in the same window

Question:51
Which of the following is correct regarding the frame attribute of the table tag?
a.     It is used to add a frame to the table *
b.     A “hsides” frame attribute will show the border lines for horizontal sides of the table only
c.     A “hsides” frame attribute will not show the border lines for horizontal sides of the table only
d.     A “hsides” frame attribute will add a scrollable frame on the horizontal sides of the table

Question:52
Which of the following is correct about the <!DOCTYPE …> tag?
a.     It is not considered to be mandatory as per the XHTML specification
b.     It must have a closing tag
c.     It should come just after the <html> tag
d.     Its declaration is not a part of the XHTML document itself
e.     None of the above

Question:53
What do you understand by cellpadding?
a.     It makes the cell span more than one column
b.     It specifies the space between the cell wall and the contents of the cell
c.     It specifies the space between two cells
d.     It makes the cell span more than one row

Question:54
Your website has moved to some other address. How will you automatically redirect a user to that address within 3 seconds

of landing on the old address?
a.     <meta http-equiv=”refresh” content=”3; url=http://www.newurl.com” /> 
b.     <meta http=”refresh” url=”www.newurl.com” />
c.     <meta scheme=”refresh” name=”redirect” http=”www.newurl.com” />
d.     <meta http-equiv=”redirect” content=”3? http=”www.newurl.com” />

Question:55
You want to provide a form field to the users for writing lengthy comments on the quality of the services provided by you.

Which of the following tags will you use?
a.     <textarea rows=”8? cols=”20?> Your comments ….</textarea> 
b.     <textarea row=”8? col=”20?> Your comments ….</textarea>
c.     <textarea rowcount=”8? colcount=”20?> Your comments ….</textarea>
d.     <input type=”text” maxlength=”100? />

Question:56
Your browser supports bidirectional text. Which tag will you use if you need to display text from right to left?
a.     <opposite>Text should go in opposite direction</opposite>
b.     <p direction=”rtl”>Text should go in opposite direction</p>
c.     <bdo dir=”rtl”>Text should go in opposite direction</bdo>  
d.     <text dir=”rtl”>Text should go in opposite direction</text>

Question:57
While writing a strict DTD XHTML document, you want to create a table having 2 columns, both left aligned. What technique
will you choose to do this?
a.     <table align=”left” border=”1?>

<tr><td>Plan A </td>

<td align=”left”>Monthly payment of $60</td>

</tr>

. . .

. . .

</table>
b.     <table border=”1?>

<tr><td align=”left”>Plan A</td>

<td align=”left”>Monthly payment of $60</td>

</tr>

. . .

. . .

</table>
c.     <table align=”left” border=”1?>

<tr><td align=”left”>Plan A</td>
<td align=”left”>Monthly payment of $60</td>
</tr>

. . .

. . .

</table>
d.     <table border=”1?>

<tr><td align=”left”>Plan A</td>
<td>Monthly payment of $60</td>
</tr>
. . .
. . .
</table>

Question:58
Within a table cell “<td>”:
a.     <p></p> tags can’t be used
b.     <ol></ol> tags can’t be used
c.     <table></table> tags can’t be used
d.     <form></form> tags can’t be used
e.     All the above tags can be used 

Question:59
While designing the links page of your website, you want the link to open in a new window. How will you implement this
with XHTML using Transitional doc type?
a.     <anchor href=”http://www.mailer.com”>Mailer</anchor>
b.     <anchor href=http://www.mailer.com target=_blank>Mailer</anchor>
c.     <A HREF=”http://www.mailer.com”>Mailer</A>
d.     <a href=”http://www.mailer.com” target=”_blank”>Mailer</a>  

Question:60
How will you import a style sheet named “basic.css” in your web page?
a.     <import name=”stylesheet” url=”basic.css”>
b.     <link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”basic.css”/>
c.     <style name=”stylesheet” url=”basic.css”>
d.     <link item=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”basic.css”>

Question no. 61
It is not necessary to give the coordinates for an image or object defined within an area tag, if the value of its shape attribute is:
a.circle
b.poly
c.default
d. rect

Question no. 62
Which of the following is not a valid input type of the form tag?
a. checkbox
b. image
c. hidden
d. button
e. All are valid

Question no. 63
Which of the following tags can be used in place of a button tag?
a. legend
b. ol
c. input
d. dl

Question no. 64
Choose the incorrect statement(s):
a. An HTML attribute is additional information included inside a tag.
b. HTML is case sensitive.
c. All the HTML4.01 tags must be paired.
d. Your browser may appear to correctly use newly deprecated code for the present, but its support for deprecated code could be
halted at any time after the browser is updated.

Question no. 65
Which of the following statements is correct for a blockquote?
a. It make the text a bit bigger for emphasizing.
b. It defines the start of a long quote.
c. It makes the text slightly bolder.
b. It defines the start of a long quote.

Question no. 64
Choose the incorrect statement(s):
a. An HTML attribute is additional information included inside a tag.
b. HTML is case sensitive.
c. All the HTML4.01 tags must be paired.
d. Your browser may appear to correctly use newly deprecated code for the present, but its support for deprecated code could be
halted at any time after the browser is updated.

Question no. 65
Which of the following values is/are valid for the align attribute of a tag?
a.left  
b.right  
c.center
d. offset

Question no. 66
What would you infer from the following code in an HTML 4.01 Web site? <body topmargin=2 leftmargin=2>
a. The top margin and left margin of the webpage is 2 pixels.
b. The bottom margin and right margin of the web page is 2 pixels.
c. Both of the above.
d. None of the above. The topmargin and leftmargin attributes are not valid HTML 4.01 body attributes.

Question no. 67
You do not want to resize the frame. The code should be:
a. <frame src = “MyPage.html” name=”HomePage” scrolling=Yes resize = “false”>
b. <frame src = “MyPage.html” name=”HomePage” scrolling=Yes resize = “true”>
c. <frame src = “MyPage.html” name=”HomePage” scrolling=Yes noresize = “true”>
d.<frame src = “MyPage.html” name=”HomePage” scrolling=Yes noresize = “noresize “>

Question no. 68
Which of the following is not an atribute of meta tag?
a. name
b. content
c. type
d. http-equiv

Question no. 69
Choose the incorrect statment.
a. The <em> tag emphasizes the given text by italiczing.

b. The <code> tag indicates that the text inside is an example of typed code.
c. The <var> tag indicates that the text inside the tag has been revised 
d. The <strong> tag strongly emphasizing the text

Question no. 70
The tag is used to pass the parametrs to an applet is:
a. appletpar
b. applet
c. param
d. var

Question no. 71
Which form event is fired on the click of a button tag with its type atribute value equal to submit.
a. onload
b. onsubmit 
c. onload
d. onreset